Activities of the CCIS

Trade in The Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region

Trade plays a crucial role in shaping the economies of countries and the welfare of peoples. As an engine of economic growth, trade contributes to market expansion, productivity stimulation, and innovation encouragement. By opening markets and liberalizing trade, it allows companies to compete globally, leading to improved product quality and lower prices for consumers.

One of the main benefits of trade is the promotion of specialization and division of labor. Countries tend to produce goods and services in which they have a comparative advantage, meaning they can produce them more efficiently than others. This allows countries to leverage their expertise and improve their production efficiency, leading to greater economic growth.

International trade opens doors to diversity and innovation. Access to new markets means access to new products and cultures, enriching the choices available to consumers and encouraging creativity among companies to meet diverse demands. Furthermore, trade drives companies to invest in research and development to maintain their competitive edge.

In addition to economic benefits, trade has a positive impact on international relations. Trade exchange strengthens ties between countries and promotes international cooperation, contributing to global stability. Through interaction and mutual dependence, mutual understanding and respect arise between different cultures.

However, trade challenges must be addressed wisely, including the impact on local industries and gaps in labor and environmental standards. It is essential to implement trade policies that ensure inclusive growth and protect workers and the environment. Balancing market opening and providing a safety net for the most affected sectors and individuals is key to achieving trade benefits for all.

Trade plays a pivotal role in the Moroccan economy, through diversifying exports and boosting foreign investments. Morocco, thanks to its strategic location as a bridge between Europe and Africa, has significantly benefited from its foreign trade.

By the end of 2022, the value of Moroccan exports reached about 45 billion dollars, while imports amounted to about 60 billion dollars. These figures reflect a remarkable dynamism in Morocco’s foreign trade, focusing on sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture and fisheries, and services. The phosphate industry is one of the most prominent export sectors in Morocco, as Morocco is one of the world’s largest exporters of phosphate and its derivatives.

Investing in trade infrastructure has played a significant role in enhancing Morocco’s competitiveness. The Tangier-Med port, for example, is one of the largest ports in the Mediterranean and effectively contributes to boosting Morocco’s foreign trade. Additionally, Morocco is working to expand its free trade agreement network with several countries and economic blocs to open new markets for Moroccan products and enhance imports.

In the context of domestic trade, Morocco is striving to improve the commercial environment by simplifying administrative procedures and encouraging investment in service and distribution sectors. These efforts aim to enhance the commercial sector and improve the competitiveness of Moroccan companies.

However, Morocco faces challenges related to the ongoing trade deficit, necessitating efforts to diversify the economy and increase the added value of exports. Investing in innovation and developing high-value-added products, in addition to enhancing logistical competencies, can significantly contribute to narrowing the trade gap and achieving sustainable economic growth.

It is clear that trade represents a fundamental pillar of the Moroccan economy, and the ongoing efforts to enhance foreign trade and improve the business environment demonstrate Morocco’s commitment to achieving inclusive and sustainable economic growth.

The Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region, thanks to its strategic location and rich natural resources, plays an important role in Moroccan trade, especially in specific sectors such as fishing and phosphate extraction. This region, characterized by owning one of the richest phosphate basins in the world and a geographical location that makes it a link between Morocco and countries south of the Sahara, offers significant opportunities for trade and investment.


Laayoune is a major fishing center in Morocco, known for the abundance of fish resources in its waters, especially surface fish and octopus. The main activity in this sector is marine fishing, processing, and exporting fish products. The large fish production significantly contributes to the local and national economy and enhances Morocco’s status as a major player in the global fish market.

Phosphate extraction

The Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region is rich in phosphate, making it a strategic point for extracting and exporting this important raw material. Phosphate is primarily used in agricultural fertilizers, and therefore, plays a vital role in global food security. The region contributes significantly to the national phosphate production, enhancing Morocco’s status as one of the world’s largest phosphate exporters.

Trade and development

To enhance trade and economic development in the region, the Moroccan government is investing in logistics infrastructure such as port development and road network improvement. These efforts aim to facilitate access to domestic and foreign markets and attract more investments.

Additionally, there is a focus on developing tourism in the region to benefit from its natural beauty and cultural heritage. Tourism can be an important driver of economic growth, job creation, and local trade enhancement.

Through investing in key sectors and enhancing infrastructure, the Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region seeks to achieve sustainable economic development and increase its contribution to the national economy. The efforts made in this area demonstrate Morocco’s commitment to diversifying its economy and enhancing its positionTrade plays a foundational role in shaping national economies and the well-being of peoples. As an economic growth engine, trade expands markets, boosts productivity, and fosters innovation. It opens global competition avenues, enhancing product quality and reducing consumer prices. Trade promotes specialization and efficient labor division, with nations producing goods and services where they hold comparative advantages. It introduces diversity and innovation, offering access to new markets, products, and cultures. Additionally, trade strengthens international relations and cooperation, contributing to global stability. Addressing trade challenges, including impacts on local industries and standards disparities, is vital. Policies ensuring inclusive growth, protecting workers and the environment, are essential. Morocco benefits from trade, leveraging its strategic location to enhance its economy through diverse exports and foreign investment.

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